In this article I will explain with an example, how to populate (bind) DropDownList from database using Entity Framework in ASP.Net Core Razor Pages.
This article will also explain how to add Default Item (Blank Item) to DropDownList at First position when populating from database using Entity Framework in ASP.Net Core Razor Pages.
I have made use of the following table Customers with the schema as follows. CustomerId is an Auto-Increment (Identity) column.
ASP.Net Core Razor Pages: Populate (Bind) DropDownList from database using Entity Framework
I have already inserted few records in the table.
ASP.Net Core Razor Pages: Populate (Bind) DropDownList from database using Entity Framework
Note: You can download the database table SQL by clicking the download link below.
          Download SQL file
You will need to import the following namespace.
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Rendering;
The Model class consists of the following two properties.
Note: In this article, only two Columns will be used and hence two properties are added to the class.
public class Customer
    public int CustomerId { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
Database Context
Once the Entity Framework is configured and connected to the database table, the Database Context will look as shown below.
Note: For beginners in ASP.Net Core and Entity Framework, please refer my article ASP.Net Core Razor Pages: Simple Entity Framework Tutorial with example. It covers all the information needed for connecting and configuring Entity Framework with ASP.Net Core.
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using Razor_DropDownList_EF.Models;
namespace Razor_DropDownList_EF
    public class DBCtx : DbContext
        public DBCtx(DbContextOptions<DBCtx> options) : base(options)
        public DbSet<Customer> Customers { get; set; }
Razor PageModel (Code-Behind)
The PageModel consists of two Action Handler methods.
Handler method for handling GET operation
Inside this Handler method, the records are fetched from the Customers table using Entity Framework and are copied to SelectList class object and assigned to the public property Customers, which is used for populating DropDownList in ASP.Net Core Razor Pages.
Handler method for handling Button Click and POST operation
This Handler method handles the POST call when the Submit Button is clicked and the Form is submitted.
When the Form is submitted, the Text and Value of the selected DropDownList Item are captured through the two parameters i.e. customerId and customerName.
The values of customerId and customerName are fetched and are set into a ViewData object which will be later displayed in View using JavaScript Alert Message Box.
Note: For more details on displaying message using JavaScript Alert MessageBox, please refer my article ASP.Net Core Razor Pages: Display JavaScript Alert Message Box.
public class IndexModel : PageModel
    private DBCtx Context { get; }
    public IndexModel(DBCtx _context)
        this.Context = _context;
    public SelectList Customers { get; set; }
    public void OnGet()
        this.Customers = new SelectList(this.Context.Customers, "CustomerId", "Name");
    public void OnPostSubmit(string customerId, string customerName)
        this.Customers = new SelectList(this.Context.Customers, "CustomerId", "Name");
        string message = "Name: " + customerName;
        message += "\\nID: " + customerId;
        ViewData["Message"] = message;
Razor Page (HTML)
The HTML of Razor Page consists of an HTML Form with a DropDownList, a Hidden Field and a Submit Button.
The Submit Button has been set with the POST Handler method using the asp-page-handler attribute.
Note: In the Razor PageModel, the Handler method name is OnPostSubmit but here it will be specified as Submit when calling from the Razor HTML Page.
The Model data has been assigned to the DropDownList using the asp-items Tag Helpers attribute.
The DropDownList has been assigned a jQuery OnChange event handler, when an item is selected in the DropDownList, the Text of the selected item is copied in the Hidden Field.
When the Submit Button is clicked, the Form gets submitted and the customerId and customerName values are sent to the Razor PageModel.
Finally, the ViewData object returned from the PageModel is checked for NULL and if it is not NULL then the customerId and customerName values of the selected Customer is displayed using JavaScript Alert MessageBox.
@addTagHelper*, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers
@model Razor_DropDownList_EF.Pages.IndexModel
    Layout = null;
<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" />
    <form method="post">
        <select id="ddlCustomers" name="CustomerId" asp-items="@Model.Customers">
            <option value="0">--Select Customer--</option>
        <input type="hidden" name="CustomerName" />
        <input type="submit" value="Submit" asp-page-handler="Submit" />
        <script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            $("body").on("change", "#ddlCustomers", function () {
        @if (ViewData["Message"] != null)
            <script type="text/javascript">
                $(function () {
ASP.Net Core Razor Pages: Populate (Bind) DropDownList from database using Entity Framework