In this article I will explain with an example, how to upload File without Form Submit (PostBack) using jQuery AJAX in ASP.Net using C# and VB.Net.
The Generic Handler will be used to upload and save files in Folder (Directory) in ASP.Net.
The Generic Handler will be called using jQuery AJAX and the file will be uploaded to Folder (Directory) with Progress Bar using HTML5 Form Data and XmlHttpRequest (XHR).
Adding Generic Handler
You will need to add a new Generic Handler (ASHX) file using Add New Item Dialog of Visual Studio as shown below.
Upload File without Form Submit (PostBack) using jQuery AJAX in ASP.Net
Building the Generic Handler for uploading the Files
The uploaded File is read from the Request.Files collection and is saved to a Folder (Directory) on Server’s Disk.
Then Name of the uploaded file is returned back to the Client in JSON format.
<%@ WebHandler Language="C#" Class="Handler" %>
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
public class Handler : IHttpHandler
    public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
        //Check if Request is to Upload the File.
        if (context.Request.Files.Count > 0)
            //Fetch the Uploaded File.
            HttpPostedFile postedFile = context.Request.Files[0];
            //Set the Folder Path.
            string folderPath = context.Server.MapPath("~/Uploads/");
            //Set the File Name.
            string fileName = Path.GetFileName(postedFile.FileName);
            //Save the File in Folder.
            postedFile.SaveAs(folderPath + fileName);
            //Send File details in a JSON Response.
            string json = new JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(
                    name = fileName
            context.Response.StatusCode = (int)HttpStatusCode.OK;
            context.Response.ContentType = "text/json";
    public bool IsReusable
            return false;
<%@ WebHandler Language="VB" Class="Handler" %>
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Net
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.Script.Serialization
Public Class Handler : Implements IHttpHandler
    Public Sub ProcessRequest(ByVal context As HttpContext) Implements IHttpHandler.ProcessRequest
        'Check if Request is to Upload the File.
        If context.Request.Files.Count > 0 Then
            'Fetch the Uploaded File.
             Dim postedFile As HttpPostedFile = context.Request.Files(0)
            'Set the Folder Path.
            Dim folderPath As String = context.Server.MapPath("~/Uploads/")
            'Set the File Name.
            Dim fileName As String = Path.GetFileName(postedFile.FileName)
            'Save the File in Folder.
            postedFile.SaveAs(folderPath + fileName)
            'Send File details in a JSON Response.
            Dim json As String = New JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(New With {
                .name = fileName
            context.Response.StatusCode = CInt(HttpStatusCode.OK)
            context.Response.ContentType = "text/json"
        End If
    End Sub
    Public ReadOnly Property IsReusable() As Boolean Implements IHttpHandler.IsReusable
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property
End Class
HTML Markup
The HTML Markup consists of a Form with an HTML FileUpload element and a Button. Below the Form there’s an HTML5 Progress element for displaying the progress of the uploading File.
The Upload Button has been assigned a jQuery Click event handler. When the Upload button is clicked, an AJAX call is made to the Generic Handler using jQuery.
The data of the selected File is read into an HTML5 FormData JavaScript object and the File is uploaded using XmlHttpRequest (XHR).
A Progress event handler is attached to the XmlHttpRequest (XHR), which displays the progress of the File being uploaded using the HTML5 Progress element.
Finally, the received Name of the uploaded File is displayed in an HTML SPAN element.
<html xmlns="">
<head runat="server">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <input type="file" name="postedFile" />
    <input type="button" id="btnUpload" value="Upload" />
    <progress id="fileProgress" style="display: none"></progress>
    <hr />
    <span id="lblMessage" style="color: Green"></span>
    <script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $("body").on("click", "#btnUpload", function () {
                url: 'Handler.ashx',
                type: 'POST',
                data: new FormData($('form')[0]),
                cache: false,
                contentType: false,
                processData: false,
                success: function (file) {
                    $("#lblMessage").html("<b>" + + "</b> has been uploaded.");
                xhr: function () {
                    var fileXhr = $.ajaxSettings.xhr();
                    if (fileXhr.upload) {
                        fileXhr.upload.addEventListener("progress", function (e) {
                            if (e.lengthComputable) {
                                    value: e.loaded,
                        }, false);
                    return fileXhr;
Upload File without Form Submit (PostBack) using jQuery AJAX in ASP.Net
Browser Compatibility

The above code has been tested in the following browsers only in versions that support HTML5.

Internet Explorer  FireFox  Chrome  Safari  Opera 

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