Here is a simple article that explains how to send emails using C# and also make use of threading in .Net to send emails to improve performance


Namespaces


The following Namespaces need to be imported in order to send emails


using System.Net;


using System.Net.Mail;



MailMessage Class Properties


Following are the required properties of the mail message class.

From – Sender’s email address

To – Recipient(s) Email Address

CC – Carbon Copies

BCC – Blind Carbon Copies

Subject – Subject of the Email 

Body – Body of the Email

IsBodyHtml – Specify whether body contains text or HTML mark up.

Attachments – Attachments if Any.

ReplyTo – ReplyTo Email address.



Creating a MailMessage Object


MailMessage mm = new MailMessage();


mm.From = new MailAddress("username@gmail.com");


mm.Subject = "Hello";


mm.Body = "<p>Body</p>";


mm.IsBodyHtml = true;



SMTP Class Properties


Following are the properties of the SMTP class.

Host – Your SMTP Server

EnableSsl – Specify whether you host accepts SSL Connections.

UseDefaultCredentials – Set to True inorder to allow authentication based on the Credentials of the Account used to send emails

Credentials – Valid login credentials for the SMTP server

Port – Port Number of the SMTP server



Below code describes how the above properties are applied


smtp.Host = "smtp.gmail.com";


smtp.EnableSsl = true;


System.Net.NetworkCredential NetworkCred = new System.Net.NetworkCredential();


NetworkCred.UserName = "username@gmail.com";


NetworkCred.Password = "xxxxxxxxx";


smtp.UseDefaultCredentials = true;


smtp.Credentials = NetworkCred;


smtp.Port = 587;

 



Send Email

The method Smtp.Send(..) is used to send the email. See the example below


smtp.Send(mm);

 


Send Email using Background Thread


Sending Email requires some amount of time. So many times user has to wait for the page to load while the mail is being sent. And if the server is not reachable the code will try to send email until timeout.

To avoid that the email can be sent using a background thread and the user can be displayed a message immediately without delay.

 

Import the following Namespace


using System.Threading;

 


Send email using a Background thread


Thread threadSendMails;


threadSendMails = new Thread(delegate()

{


    sendemail("username@gmail.com", "receiver@abc.com", "Hello", "<p>Body</p>", "C:\\MyDoc.txt", true);


});


threadSendMails.IsBackground = true;


threadSendMails.Start();



You can download the complete source here.

EmailUsingCSharp.zip (2.49 kb)