In this article I will explain with an example, how to retrieve data from Database and displaying in DropDownList in ASP.Net MVC Core.
The records from the SQL Server Database will be retrieved from Table using ADO.Net into Model class object and then the Model is used to display the data in the DropDownList in ASP.Net Core MVC.
Note: For beginners in ASP.Net MVC Core, please refer my article ASP.Net MVC Core Hello World Tutorial with Sample Program example.
 
 
Database
This article makes use of a table named Fruits whose schema is defined as follows.
Retrieving data from Database and displaying in DropDownList in ASP.Net MVC Core
 
The Fruits table has the following records.
Retrieving data from Database and displaying in DropDownList in ASP.Net MVC Core
 
Note: You can download the database table SQL by clicking the download link below.
          Download SQL file
 
 

Namespaces
You will need to import the following namespaces.
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
 
Model
The following Model class has two properties FruitId and FruitName.
public class FruitModel
{
    public int FruitId { get; set; }
    public string FruitName { get; set; }
}
 
 
Controller
The Controller consists of two Action methods.
Action method for handling GET operation
Inside this Action method, the PopulateFruits method is called.
Inside the PopulateFruits method, the records from the Fruits table are fetched from Database Table through a DataReader and generic list collection of FruitModel class is populated.
Then generic list collection of FruitModel class objects is copied to SelectList class object which is used for populating DropDownList in .Net Core.
Finally, the SelectList class object is sent to the View.
 
Action method for handling POST operation
This Action method handles the call made from the POST function from the View.
When the Form is submitted, the Text and Value of the selected DropDownList Item are captured through the two parameters i.e. fruitId and fruitName.
The values of FruitId and FruitName are fetched and are set into a ViewBag object which will be later displayed in View using JavaScript Alert Message Box.
public class HomeController : Controller
{
    public IActionResult Index()
    {
        List<FruitModel> fruits = PopulateFruits();
        return View(new SelectList(fruits, "FruitId", "FruitName"));
    }
 
    [HttpPost]
    public IActionResult Index(string fruitId, string fruitName)
    {
        ViewBag.Message = "Fruit Name: " + fruitName;
        ViewBag.Message += "\\nFruit Id: " + fruitId;
        return View();
    }
 
    private static List<FruitModel> PopulateFruits()
    {
        string constr = @"Data Source=.\SQL2017;Initial Catalog=AjaxSamples;integrated security=true";
        List<FruitModel> fruits = new List<FruitModel>();
        using (SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection(constr))
        {
            string query = "SELECT FruitName, FruitId FROM Fruits";
            using (SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(query))
            {
                cmd.Connection = con;
                con.Open();
                using (SqlDataReader sdr = cmd.ExecuteReader())
                {
                    while (sdr.Read())
                    {
                        fruits.Add(new FruitModel
                        {
                            FruitName = sdr["FruitName"].ToString(),
                            FruitId = Convert.ToInt32(sdr["FruitId"])
                        });
                    }
                }
                con.Close();
            }
        }
 
        return fruits;
    }
}
 
 
View
The View consists of an HTML Form with following ASP.Net Tag Helpers attributes.
asp-action – Name of the Action. In this case the name is Index.
asp-controller – Name of the Controller. In this case the name is Home.
method – It specifies the Form Method i.e. GET or POST. In this case it will be set to POST.
The Form consists of a DropDownList, a Hidden Field and a Submit Button.
The Model data has been assigned to the DropDownList using the asp-items Tag Helpers attribute;
The DropDownList has been assigned a jQuery OnChange event handler, when an item is selected in the DropDownList, the Text of the selected item is copied in the Hidden Field.
When the Submit Button is clicked, the Form gets submitted and the FruitId and FruitName values are sent to the Controller.
Finally, the FruitId and FruitName values of the selected Fruit are displayed using JavaScript Alert Message Box.
@addTagHelper*, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers
@model SelectList
 
@{
    Layout = null;
}
 
<!DOCTYPE html>
 
<html>
<head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width"/>
    <title>Index</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form method="post" asp-controller="Home" asp-action="Index">
        <select id="ddlFruits" name="FruitId" asp-items="Model">
            <option value="0">Please select</option>
        </select>
        <input type="hidden" name="FruitName"/>
        <input type="submit" value="Submit"/>
        <script type="text/javascript" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.8.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            $("body").on("change", "#ddlFruits", function () {
                $("input[name=FruitName]").val($(this).find("option:selected").text());
            });
        </script>
        @if (ViewBag.Message != null)
        {
            <script type="text/javascript">
            $(function () {
                alert("@ViewBag.Message");
            });
            </script>
        }
    </form>
</body>
</html>
 
 
Screenshot
Retrieving data from Database and displaying in DropDownList in ASP.Net MVC Core
 
 
Downloads