In this article I will explain with an example, how to populate or bind TreeView from database in ASP.Net using C# and VB.Net.
The TreeView will be populated using recursion.
In order to populate TreeView with Parent Child relationship, I have made use of two tables namely VehicleTypes and VehicleSubTypes. The schema and the data present in both the tables are as follows.
Populate (Bind) ASP.Net TreeView with Parent Child relationship from database in ASP.Net
Populate (Bind) ASP.Net TreeView with Parent Child relationship from database in ASP.Net
Populate (Bind) ASP.Net TreeView with Parent Child relationship from database in ASP.Net
Populate (Bind) ASP.Net TreeView with Parent Child relationship from database in ASP.Net
Note: You can download the database table SQL by clicking the download link below.
          Download SQL file

HTML Markup
The HTML Markup consists of an ASP.Net TreeView.
    Vehicle Details</h3>
<hr />
<asp:TreeView ID="TreeView1" runat="server" ImageSet="XPFileExplorer" NodeIndent="15">
    <HoverNodeStyle Font-Underline="True" ForeColor="#6666AA" />
    <NodeStyle Font-Names="Tahoma" Font-Size="8pt" ForeColor="Black" HorizontalPadding="2px"
        NodeSpacing="0px" VerticalPadding="2px"></NodeStyle>
    <ParentNodeStyle Font-Bold="False" />
    <SelectedNodeStyle BackColor="#B5B5B5" Font-Underline="False" HorizontalPadding="0px"
        VerticalPadding="0px" />
You will need to import the following namespaces.
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Configuration;
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Configuration
Populating TreeView from database
The PopulateTreeView method is a recursive function. Inside the Page Load event, the TreeView is populated with the records from the VehicleTypes table.
Inside the PopulateTreeView method, a loop is executed over the DataTable and if the ParentId is 0 i.e. the node is a parent node, a query is executed over the VehicleSubTypes table to populate the corresponding child nodes and again the PopulateTreeView method is called.
This process continues until all parent nodes along with their child nodes are added to the TreeView.
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    if (!this.IsPostBack)
        DataTable dt = this.GetData("SELECT Id, Name FROM VehicleTypes");
        this.PopulateTreeView(dt, 0, null);
private void PopulateTreeView(DataTable dtParent, int parentId, TreeNode treeNode)
    foreach (DataRow row in dtParent.Rows)
        TreeNode child = new TreeNode
            Text = row["Name"].ToString(),
            Value = row["Id"].ToString()
        if (parentId == 0)
            DataTable dtChild = this.GetData("SELECT Id, Name FROM VehicleSubTypes WHERE VehicleTypeId = " + child.Value);
            PopulateTreeView(dtChild, int.Parse(child.Value), child);
private DataTable GetData(string query)
    DataTable dt = new DataTable();
    string constr = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["constr"].ConnectionString;
    using (SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection(constr))
        using (SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(query))
            using (SqlDataAdapter sda = new SqlDataAdapter())
                cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
                cmd.Connection = con;
                sda.SelectCommand = cmd;
        return dt;
Protected Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
    If Not Me.IsPostBack Then
        Dim dt As DataTable = Me.GetData("SELECT Id, Name FROM VehicleTypes")
        Me.PopulateTreeView(dt, 0, Nothing)
    End If
End Sub
Private Sub PopulateTreeView(dtParent As DataTable, parentId As Integer, treeNode As TreeNode)
    For Each row As DataRow In dtParent.Rows
        Dim child As New TreeNode() With { _
         .Text = row("Name").ToString(), _
         .Value = row("Id").ToString() _
        If parentId = 0 Then
            Dim dtChild As DataTable = Me.GetData("SELECT Id, Name FROM VehicleSubTypes WHERE VehicleTypeId = " + child.Value)
            PopulateTreeView(dtChild, Integer.Parse(child.Value), child)
        End If
End Sub
Private Function GetData(query As String) As DataTable
    Dim dt As New DataTable()
    Dim constr As String = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("constr").ConnectionString
    Using con As New SqlConnection(constr)
        Using cmd As New SqlCommand(query)
            Using sda As New SqlDataAdapter()
                cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text
                cmd.Connection = con
                sda.SelectCommand = cmd
            End Using
        End Using
        Return dt
    End Using
End Function
Populate (Bind) ASP.Net TreeView with Parent Child relationship from database in ASP.Net