In one of my previous articles I explained Export GridView with Images from database to Word, Excel and PDF Formats

In this article I am explaining how to Export GridView to Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and Portable Document Format (PDF) which has images and pictures in it.  Here I am exporting a GridView which is displaying images stored on disk and the respective paths stored in SQL Server Database.

Figure below describes how image paths are stored in the database table.



Path of images / pictures stored in database

The concept is quite simple whenever the Word or Excel file is transmitted to the client and the client opens it a call is made to the server and the images are downloaded from the server. Hence instead if the relative URL we will have to use the complete URL. So that the images are downloaded from the server

Here I am using the same GridView which I used in my article Display Images in GridView Control using the path stored in SQL Server database to display images stored on disk in GridView. The only exporting I will be changing the URL of the image handler from relative to absolute URL. For example in the previous example the URL was

Images/Garden.jpg

Now it will be changed to

http://localhost/Images/Garden.jpg

 

Since Word, Excel or PDF files need complete URL of the image so that they can download the image from the server

For doing this conversion I have the following function

C#

protected  string GetUrl(string imagepath)

{

    string[] splits = Request.Url.AbsoluteUri.Split('/');

    if (splits.Length  >= 2)

    {

        string url = splits[0] + "//";

        for (int i = 2; i < splits.Length - 1; i++)

        {

            url += splits[i];

            url += "/";

        }

        return url +  imagepath;

    }

    return imagepath;

}

 

VB.Net


  Protected Function GetUrl(ByVal imagepath As String) As String

        Dim splits As String() = Request.Url.AbsoluteUri.Split("/"c)

        If splits.Length >= 2 Then

            Dim url As String = splits(0) & "//"

            For i As Integer = 2 To splits.Length - 2

                url += splits(i)

                url += "/"

            Next

            Return url + imagepath

        End If

        Return imagepath

    End Function

 

And I am calling the function in the GridView in the following Manner. As you can see below I am passing the Image File Path to the GetUrl function which in returns the complete URL for the Image.

<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns = "false"

Font-Names = "Arial" >

<Columns>

    <asp:BoundField DataField = "ID" HeaderText = "ID"

     ItemStyle-Height = "150" />

    <asp:BoundField DataField = "FileName" HeaderText = "Image Name"

     ItemStyle-Height = "150"/>

    <asp:TemplateField  ItemStyle-Height = "150" ItemStyle-Width = "170">

        <ItemTemplate>

            <asp:Image ID="Image1" runat="server"

             ImageUrl = '<%# Eval("FilePath", GetUrl("{0}")) %>' />

        </ItemTemplate>

    </asp:TemplateField>

</Columns>

</asp:GridView>

 

Figure Below displays the GridView with Images stored on disk and their relative paths stored in SQL Server Database



GridView displaying images / pictures stored on disk

When you do  View Source of the page in Browser you will notice that the relative URL have been converted to absolute one and the GetUrl function has done its job perfectly. Refer the figure below that displays the Source of the page with the complete URL of the image



Source of the page showing complete url of the image

Now here is the code to Export the GridView in the Word, Excel and PDF Formats

   

     

Word

 

C#

private void Word_Export()

{

    Response.Clear();

    Response.Buffer = true;

    Response.AddHeader("content-disposition",

      "attachment;filename=GridViewExport.doc");

    Response.Charset = "";

    Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-word ";

    StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();

    HtmlTextWriter hw = new HtmlTextWriter(sw);

    GridView1.AllowPaging = false;

    GridView1.DataBind();

    GridView1.RenderControl(hw);

    Response.Output.Write(sw.ToString());

    Response.Flush();

    Response.End();

}

 

 

VB.Net

Private Sub Word_Export()

   Response.Clear()

   Response.Buffer = True

   Response.AddHeader("content-disposition", _

    "attachment;filename=GridViewExport.doc")

   Response.Charset = ""

   Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-word "

   Dim sw As New StringWriter()

   Dim hw As New HtmlTextWriter(sw)

   GridView1.AllowPaging = False

   GridView1.DataBind()

   GridView1.RenderControl(hw)

   Response.Output.Write(sw.ToString())

   Response.Flush()

   Response.End()

End Sub

 

Figure below displays the Word document which contains exported GridView with images.



Word document containing exported GridView with images

Excel

               

 

C#

private void Excel_Export()

{

    Response.Clear();

    Response.Buffer = true;

    Response.AddHeader("content-disposition",

     "attachment;filename=GridViewExport.xls");

    Response.Charset = "";

    Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel";

    StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();

    HtmlTextWriter hw = new HtmlTextWriter(sw);

    GridView1.AllowPaging = false;

    GridView1.DataBind();

    for (int i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)

    {

        GridViewRow row = GridView1.Rows[i];

        //Apply text style to each Row

        row.Attributes.Add("class", "textmode");

    }

    GridView1.RenderControl(hw);

 

    //style to format numbers to string

    string style = @"<style> .textmode { mso-number-format:\@; } </style>";

    Response.Write(style);

    Response.Output.Write(sw.ToString());

    Response.Flush();

    Response.End();

}

 

   

                  

VB.Net

 

Private Sub Excel_Export()

   Response.Clear()

   Response.Buffer = True

   Response.AddHeader("content-disposition", _

    "attachment;filename=GridViewExport.xls")

   Response.Charset = ""

   Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel"

   Dim sw As New StringWriter()

   Dim hw As New HtmlTextWriter(sw)

   GridView1.AllowPaging = False

   GridView1.DataBind()

   For i As Integer = 0 To GridView1.Rows.Count - 1

     Dim row As GridViewRow = GridView1.Rows(i)

    'Apply text style to each Row

     row.Attributes.Add("class", "textmode")

   Next

   GridView1.RenderControl(hw)

 

   'style to format numbers to string

   Dim style As String = "<style> .textmode " _

     & "{ mso-number-format:\@; } </style>"

   Response.Write(style)

   Response.Output.Write(sw.ToString())

   Response.Flush()

   Response.End()

End Sub

 

Figure below displays the Excel Workbook which contains exported GridView with images.



Excel WorkBook containing exported GridView with images


Portable Document Format (PDF)

 

For exporting the GridView to PDF format I am using the iTextSharp Library that will be available with the source code of this example. Also you can download it from here.

       

 

C#

private void PDF_Export()

{

    Response.ContentType = "application/pdf";

    Response.AddHeader("content-disposition",

        "attachment;filename=GridViewExport.pdf");

    Response.Cache.SetCacheability(HttpCacheability.NoCache);

    StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();

    HtmlTextWriter hw = new HtmlTextWriter(sw);

    GridView1.AllowPaging = false;

    GridView1.DataBind();

    GridView1.RenderControl(hw);

    StringReader sr = new StringReader(sw.ToString());

    Document pdfDoc = new Document(PageSize.A4, 10f, 10f, 10f, 0f);

    HTMLWorker htmlparser = new HTMLWorker(pdfDoc);

    PdfWriter.GetInstance(pdfDoc, Response.OutputStream);

    pdfDoc.Open();

    htmlparser.Parse(sr);

    pdfDoc.Close();

    Response.Write(pdfDoc);

    Response.End(); 

}

 

VB.Net

Private Sub PDF_Export()

  Response.ContentType = "application/pdf"

  Response.AddHeader("content-disposition", _

   "attachment;filename=GridViewExport.pdf")

  Response.Cache.SetCacheability(HttpCacheability.NoCache)

  Dim sw As New StringWriter()

  Dim hw As New HtmlTextWriter(sw)

  GridView1.AllowPaging = False

  GridView1.DataBind()

  GridView1.RenderControl(hw)

  Dim sr As New StringReader(sw.ToString())

  Dim pdfDoc As New Document(PageSize.A4, 10.0F, 10.0F, 10.0F, 0.0F)

  Dim htmlparser As New HTMLWorker(pdfDoc)

  PdfWriter.GetInstance(pdfDoc, Response.OutputStream)

  pdfDoc.Open()

  htmlparser.Parse(sr)

  pdfDoc.Close()

  Response.Write(pdfDoc)

  Response.End()

End Sub

 

Figure below displays the PDF Document which contains exported GridView with images.



PDF document containing exported GridView with images


  

Finally the method that one should not forget is the below otherwise the GridView export will throw the Error

Control 'GridView1' of type 'GridView' must be placed inside a form tag with runat=server.

 

C#.Net

public override void VerifyRenderingInServerForm(Control control)

{

    /* Verifies that the control is rendered */

}


VB.Net

Public Overloads Overrides Sub VerifyRenderingInServerForm(

ByVal control As Control)

        ' Verifies that the control is rendered

End Sub

 

This completes the article. You can download the source in C# and Vb.Net using the link below.

ExportGridViewImagesOnDisk.zip (1.26 mb)