In this article I will explain a simple step by step tutorial with an example, how to use and connect to MySQL Database with Entity Framework in ASP.Net MVC Razor.
By default, Entity Framework cannot connect to MySQL Database and hence MySql Entity Framework Connector needs to be downloaded.
 
 
Database
I have made use of the following table Customers with the schema as follows.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
I have already inserted few records in the table.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
Note: You can download the database table SQL by clicking the download link below.
          Download SQL file
 
 

Installing and adding reference of MySQL Entity Framework Connector
In order to install and add reference of MySql Entity Framework Connector, you will need to:-
1. Right Click the Project in Solution Explorer and click Manage NuGet Packages from the Context Menu.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
2. Now you will need to look for MySql.Data.Entity package and once found, you need to click the Install Button.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
 
Configuring and connecting Entity Framework to MySQL database
Now I will explain the steps to configure and add Entity Framework and also how to connect it with the database.
You will need to add Entity Data Model to your project by right clicking the Solution Explorer and then click on Add and then New Item option of the Context Menu.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
From the Add New Item window, select ADO.NET Entity Data Model and set its Name as CustomersModel and then click Add button.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
Then the Entity Data Model Wizard will open up where you need to select EF Designer database option.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
Now the wizard will ask you to connect and configure the Connection String to the database. You will need to click on the New Connection button.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
In the next dialog, you will need to click on the Change button in order to select MySQL Data Provider.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
From the following window, you will need to select the MySQL Database as Data Source and click OK button.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
Then in the following window, you will be asked to supply the Connection Details for the MySQL database.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
Once the Connection String is generated, click Next button to move to the next step.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
Next you will need to choose the Entity Framework version to be used for connection.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
Now you will need to choose the Tables you need to connect and work with Entity Framework. Here Customers Table is selected.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
The above was the last step and you should now have the Entity Data Model ready with the Customers Table.
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
 
Controller
The Entity Framework is now configured and hence now we can create a Controller and write code to fetch the records from the Customers Table of the MySQL Database.
Inside the Index Action method, the Customer records are fetched using Entity Framework and returned to the View.
public class HomeController : Controller
{
    // GET: Home
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
        CustomersEntities entites = new CustomersEntities();
        return View(entites.customers.ToList());
    }
}
 
 
View
Inside the View, in the very first line the Customer Entity is declared as IEnumerable which specifies that the Model will be available as a Collection.
The WebGrid is initialized with the Model i.e. IEnumerable collection of Customer Entity class objects as source.
The WebGrid is created using the GetHtml method with the following parameters.
HtmlAttributes – It is used to set the HTML attributes to the HTML Table generated by WebGrid such as ID, Name, Class, etc.
Columns – It is used to specify the columns to be displayed in WebGrid and also allows to set specific Header Text for the columns.
Note: If the columns are not specified then WebGrid will display all columns supplied by its source. It is very similar to the AutoGenerateColumns feature of the ASP.Net GridView.
 
@model IEnumerable<customer>
@{
    Layout = null;
    WebGrid webGrid = new WebGrid(source: Model, canSort: false, canPage: false);
}
 
<!DOCTYPE html>
 
<html>
<head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width"/>
    <title>Index</title>
    <style type="text/css">
        body {
            font-family: Arial;
            font-size: 10pt;
        }
 
        .Grid {
            border: 1px solid #ccc;
            border-collapse: collapse;
        }
 
        .Grid th {
            background-color: #F7F7F7;
            font-weight: bold;
        }
 
        .Grid th, .Grid td {
            padding: 5px;
            border: 1px solid #ccc;
        }
 
        .Grid, .Grid table td {
            border: 0px solid #ccc;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    @webGrid.GetHtml(
        htmlAttributes: new { @id = "WebGrid", @class = "Grid" },
        columns: webGrid.Columns(
                 webGrid.Column("CustomerId", "Customer Id"),
                 webGrid.Column("Name", "Name"),
                 webGrid.Column("Country", "Country")))
</body>
</html>
 
 
Screenshot
ASP.Net MVC: MySQL and Entity Framework Step by Step Tutorial with example
 
 
Errors
Following are the two errors encountered to me while creating the sample for this article. Thus for reference I have given their solutions below.
1. System.Data.StrongTypingException: The value for column 'IsPrimaryKey' in table 'TableDetails' is DBNull. System.InvalidCastException: Specified cast is not valid.
 
2. Unrecognized element 'providers'
 
 
Downloads